How to Read a MRI of the Normal Thoracic Spine Mid Back Vail Spine Specialist
we're going to now look at a thoracic spine MRIwhich is normal so that you can use this to compareagainst any kind of images that you wonder if they is something that looks normal or not the thoracic spine like the cervical and lumbar spine has two separate sets of images the side view which we see here
and the bottomup view which we see here again this line will know where we're making our cut in the middle so we can see where we areon the side view the thoracic spine is obviously acontinuation of the cervical spine the spinal cord comes down from thecervical spine here and goes through the thoracic now it's not that the corddissolves away here but the patient has a little bit of a curve in their back andyou'll see that we can see the curve
and the cord down here but itdisappears here we look at the other image again we see the cord here and itdisappears here that is normal and nothing to worry about but the cord itself should have a nice signal consistency itshould be dark they should be no spots in it there should be no lines running throughit again on either side of the cord
is the cerebral spinal fluid which isthe water that the brain and spinal cord floatin the vertebra that you see are the thoracic vertebra and they're separated again by the disc just like in the cervical lumbar spine ajelly filled donut the jelly on the inside under high pressure and the donuton the outside rings of collagen that hold that jelly in there are sometimes you will see theseblack lines within the cavity of the
thoracic spine and even sometimes cervialand lumbar this is because there's something called flow artifact the MRI is a very still image it'slike the old time pictures in the eighteen nineties where if you didn't sitvery still you would have a ghost image well even though the patient is sittingstill on the table there's still fluid in the cervical thoracic spine that'smoving up and down and it creates these
linear lines which are normal and havenothing to do with anything that's wrong you can follow the spine out until youget to the foramen and again you can see the nerve root which exits out on theforamen here you can see the pedicle coming into the facet which connectsthe back of the vertebra above with the vertebra below we can look at it from the top down viewhere
Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Rheumatoid Arthritis Cure
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has become verycommon nowadays. Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms are hard to detect, as it is like common pain.Rhematoid Arthritis Treatment is also very difficult. Rheumatoid Arthritis is the mostcommon type of autoimmune arthritis. It is triggered by a defective immune system(the bodys defense system) and affects small joints and the wrist of the hand, includingthe middle joints of the fingers and the knuckles. Expertise is vital to make an early diagnosisof RA. Rheumatoligist are expert in RA and they also understand better when and how touse treatments to get the best effects. Definition of Arthritis.
Arthritis is an acute or chronic inflammationof one or more joints, usually acompanied by pain and stifness,which typically worsen with age. The term Arthritis is used to describe numerous rheumaticdiseases and conditions that affect joints. Types of Arthritis. There are more or less 200 types of Arthritisbut it can be classified as either inflammatory or noninflammatory. Inflammatory arthritis features inflammatorywhite blood cells in the joint fluid. Forms
of inflammatory arthritisinclude rheumatoid arthritis, lupus arthritis, Fibromyalgia, gout, and many others.Noninflammatory Arthritis forms include osteoarthritis, arthritis of thyroid disease, arthritis afterinjury and many others. And later can be split into 7 main groups. 1. Inflammatory arthritis.2. Degenerative or mechanical arthritis. 3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain.4. Back pain. 5. Connective tissue disease.6. Infectious arthritis. 7. Metabolic arthritis.
What is arthritisé Typically, pain, aching, swelling and stiffnessin and around one or more joints emerge rheumatic conditions.Arthritis literally means inflammation within the joint itself, but inflammation may alsoaffect the tendons and ligaments surrounding the joint.This is known as enthesitis. Inflammation can damage the surface of the joint and sometimesthe underlying bone. The symptoms can develop gradually or suddenly.Certain rheumatic conditions can also involve the immune systemand various internal organs of the body. Arthritis
can affect multiple organs and cause widespreadsymptoms. Arthritis is more common among adults aged60 years or older, but people of all ages including children can be affected. Causes of Arthritis. There is nothing cause for arthritis; thecause depends on the type or form of arthritis. Potential causes for arthritis may include;Injury. leading to degenerative arthritis. Inheritance. such as in osteoarthritis.Abnormal metabolism. leading to gout and pseudogout. Infections. such as in the arthritis of Lymedisease.
Overactive immune system. such as rheumatoidarthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).More than 22 million Americans have osteoarthritis. Approximately 2 point 3 million Americanssuffer from rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid Arthritis symptoms and signs. Symptoms of arthritis can also vary dependingon its type. Arthritis signs can develop gradually or suddenly, and as arthritis is most oftena chronic disease, symptoms may come and go, or persist over time.There are four key warning signs and symptoms of arthritis that should prompt a discussionwith your .