Tutorial Explanation What is Hip Osteoarthritis
Hip Osteoarthritis is a debilitating chroniccondition caused by destruction of the cartilage within a joint.Healthy cartilage allows bones to move over one another by absorbing the impact of physicalmovement, acting as a cushion. The thinning of the cartilage causes the bones to eventuallybump against each other, causing pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.A physical exam in imagining can help in point issue and assist with determining the appropriatetreatment. Medications such as non steroidal antiinflammatorydrugs are the first line of defense, along with exercises to strengthen the muscles aroundthe hip area as well as weight loss.
Hip replacement surgery is the final optionof all other techniques and treatment fails.
Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis Guideline for Nonsurgical Management
Hello, I'm Norman Swan. Welcome to this programon the new guidelines for the nonsurgical managementof hip and knee osteoarthritis. It's a timely program, as we're broadcastingduring Arthritis Awareness Week. Arthritis, as you know, is a major causeof disability and chronic pain. There's around 100 different formsof arthritis, and osteoarthritis is the most common.
This program is the thirdin a series of four on the musculoskeletal guidelines that have been developedby the Royal Australian College of GPs and approved by the NH and MRC. This program will cover the diagnosisof osteoarthritis and discuss recommendednonpharmacological and pharmacological interventions in a multidisciplinaryprimary healthcare setting.
As always,you'll find a number of resources available on the Rural Health EducationFoundation's website: Let's meet our panel. Geoff McColl is a rheumatologistand professor of Medical Education and Trainingat the University of Melbourne. Welcome, Geoff. Thank you, Norman. Geoff is the current president ofthe Australian Rheumatology Association and was part of the working partydeveloping this guideline.
Rana Hinman is a physiotherapistand senior lecturer in the University of Melbourne Schoolof Health Sciences. Welcome, Rana. Rana has particular expertisein evaluating conservative treatments for osteoarthritis, and was alsoa member of the working party. Michael Yellandis a general practitioner and associate professorof Primary Health Care at Griffith University in Queensland.Welcome, Michael. His teaching and research interestsfocus on evidencebased diagnosis
and the treatmentof musculoskeletal pain. And David Ng, who's a pharmacist and director of the South Australianand Northern Territory Branch of the Pharmaceutical Societyof Australia. Welcome, David. Thank you, Norman. From the home of fish oil. That's correct. We'll talk about fish oil later to see whether or not it'sthe magic panacea for osteoarthritis.
Many myths about osteoarthritis,Geoffreyé There are many myths, Norman. Probably the best place to start is that this is an illness that you acquireas you grow old that you can do nothing about. You're just going to creak your wayto the wall at the bottom of the garden. Absolutely. There's a certain acceptancethat this is the way it will be. NORMAN:Are you telling me it's reversibleé