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What Are Some Common Symptoms of SI Joint Pain
G. â€œTyâ€� Thaiyananthan MD, FAANS: Commonsymptoms of SI joint pain are really common symptoms of low back pain. The patient willoften come in saying that they have pain in their lower lumbar spine which is often oneside or the other, sometimes the pain can radiate into a patient's groin or into theback part of their leg or thigh. This type of pain that emanates from the SI joint canbe replicated if a patient sitting on hard surface or a chair, often times patients willbe unable to sit on their reflected side because the pain so severe when they sit. Also, patientsmay have the ability to replicate their pain if they are lying on one side or the other,so if patient is sleeping in bed, they will
come into saying that I can't sleepon the left side or right side because it hurts a lot. Sometime, when patients are twistingand turning, the ligaments on the SI joint can also become aggravated and patients willoften say that simple activities such as bending over or twisting and turning cause immensepain in that joint. Sometimes, SI joint pain can also be accompanied after event such asa pregnancy where the ligaments have become lax, trauma can also cause SI joint pain,so these are very common things that a physician should ask their patients in a history ortaken a history to diagnose sacroiliac joint pain. If you suspect you have SI joint pain,talk to your physician about whether this
could be one of the causes of your low backpain.
Muscles of the Hip and Thigh Human Anatomy Kenhub
Hello everyone! This is Joao from Kenhub.Welcome to another tutorial. This time, I'm going to be talking about the muscles of thehip and thigh. Now, keep in mind that what I'm going to be doing is I'm going to be talkingabout this specific muscle groups that you find within the hip and thigh regions.Now, when you're learning anatomy in your school, you know that we separate all thesemuscles so we can learn them better, so we divide them into groups. We usually do soby locating them either where they're located specifically, either anteriorly, posteriorly,inferiorly and so on, or by innervations, and also by function. But here I'm going tokeep it simple, so I'm going to do it by location,
so where you can exactly find them withinthe hip and thigh regions. That way you can also connect the dots and use this materialfor your studies no matter where you are. Now, let's start with the very first group.This is known as the hip muscles. Now, the hip muscles can be even further divided intotwo groups. These are the hip muscles, none other than that. The hip muscles are a groupof four muscles that we're going to see that are specifically either located in the regionthat we could consider the hip region. So that's why we're going to see them there.And they have a lot of functions that are related to the hip joint as well.Now, the other group that we needed to subdivide
further is known as the gluteal muscles, andthe gluteal muscles are the muscles that you find on the gluteal region or the buttockregion. The other ones, then, are the thigh muscles,and the thigh muscles can be divided into three groups. The first one is an anteriorgroup that is, of course, located on an anterior surface. You're going to see also some muscleslocated on a medial position. And of course a posterior set or group of thigh muscles.Now, let's talk about the very first group of muscles that I mentioned in the beginning.This is the hip muscles. There are four that we need to look at. The first one is thislarge muscle seen here, highlighted in green.
This is known as the psoas major. Now, locateda bit more laterally, you find another muscle and this one is known as the iliacus.Now, an interesting thing, very important point, is that both the psoas major and theiliacus usually are distinguished as one muscle, and this muscle is known as the iliopsoas.As you can see, both the psoas major and the iliacus, they are found on the posterior abdominalwall. And then this two will join forces right here and pass through the inguinal canal andattach right here on this part of the femur known as the lesser trochanter.Now, the last muscle or the fourth muscle is known as the psoas minor. This is a verysmall muscle compared to the other muscles
that we talked about, and sometimes, it'snot mentioned because between 4070% of people do not have this muscle.As I've promised, I'm going to be adding a few things that you need to know about everygroup of muscles that we're going to be discussing on this tutorial. And for the hip muscles,you need to know that these are the powerful flexors of the thigh at the hip joint, veryimportant thing. Now, moving on to the second group of muscles,the gluteal muscles. You need to know that this group is comprised of nine specific musclesthat we're going to be looking at. Now, the very first one, I would say thatis a famous muscle, because it defines the
buttocks with, of course, a layer of fat,and this is the gluteus maximus. And as you can see here on this image, you notice thatit's located a bit more superficially compared to the muscles that we're going to be seeingafter. or right now. Now, this muscle here that you're seeing,highlighted in green, is known as the gluteus medius, as if I were to remove the gluteusmaximus, so now, this is what you see right under it. If you were to remove the gluteusmedius, you can expose another muscle that is seen right now and is known as the gluteusminimus. The fourth gluteal muscle is this really longmuscle known as the tensor fascia latae. And